U.S. Courts of Appeals

United States Courts

There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals. The 94 federal judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a court of appeals.  The appellate court’s task is to determine whether or not the law was applied correctly in the trial court. Appeals courts consist of three judges and do not use a jury.


A court of appeals hears challenges to district court decisions from courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.


First Circuit - NextGen


First Circuit - BAP - NextGen


Second Circuit - NextGen


Third Circuit - ECF


Fourth Circuit - ECF


Fifth Circuit - ECF


Sixth Circuit - NextGen


Seventh Circuit - ECF


Eighth Circuit - NextGen 


Ninth Circuit - NextGen


Ninth Circuit - BAP - NextGen

Tenth Circuit - NextGen 


Tenth Circuit - BAP - NextGen

Eleventh Circuit - ECF 

D.C. Circuit - ECF 

Federal Circuit - ECF 

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Legal groups argue in court against Trump asylum ban

Legal groups suing the Trump administration over its ban on asylum for anyone who illegally crosses the U.S.-Mexico border have argued their case before a federal judge in San Francisco. U.S. District Judge Jon S. Tigar did not immediately rule Monday on the groups' request to stop the administration from enforcing the ban.

President Donald Trump issued a proclamation on Nov. 9 that says anyone who crossed the southern border would be ineligible for asylum. That would potentially make it harder for thousands of people who enter the U.S. to avoid deportation.

Trump issued the proclamation in response to the caravans of migrants that have started to arrive at the U.S.-Mexico border. The American Civil Liberties Union quickly sued, saying U.S. law makes clear that people can seek asylum regardless of how they enter the country.